Development and commercialization collaborations with partners with local expertise or with a specific therapeutic focus with respect to remimazolam are an effective way of funding and advancing remimazolam's development and of assisting PAION with its commercialization in international markets where PAION does not intend to directly conduct sales and marketing activities. PAION expects that the existing licensees will continue the development of remimazolam on the basis of data generated from our U.S., Japanese and European clinical development programs, and subsequently PAION may receive additional data and payments under the existing agreements in the medium to long term. In order to exploit remimazolam's full potential, it is PAION's defined target to commercialize remimazolam on its own in selected European markets immediately after a potential market approval. PAION is well positioned to find further licensees. Pharmaceutical companies have a growing need to add drugs to their pipeline that have already demonstrated proof of concept in advanced stages of clinical trials and also provide a commercially viable alternative in a global healthcare environment characterized by increasing cost consciousness.
Remimazolam is partnered in the U.S. (brand name BYFAVO) with Acacia Pharma, in Japan (brand name Anerem®) with Mundipharma, in China with Yichang Humanwell, in Canada with Pharmascience, in Russia/CIS, Turkey and the MENA region with R-Pharm, and in South Korea and Southeast Asia with Hana Pharm. For all other markets including parts of the EU, remimazolam is available for licensing.
In Europe, PAION is seeking approval of remimazolam for general anesthesia and for procedural sedation. PAION submitted a Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) for procedural sedation in November 2019. Results of a Phase III trial in general anesthesia are expected in the second half of 2020.